Agricultural science in Ukraine has a long-standing and respected history. Its achievements are well known worldwide. The Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences (UAAS), founded in December 1990, is the scientific and methodological centre which guides, executes and coordinates research activities for agriculture in Ukraine.
The Academy is a self-governing scientific organization supported by the State. It is autonomous in the organization of its fundamental, investigative, and applied research, financial and business activity, and training of specialists.
The main objectives of the Academy are: providing extension services for the development of the sectors of Ukraine’s agro-industrial complex, production of elite seeds, planting stock, and animal genetics.
The Academy determines basic trends of fundamental and applied research, draws up both governmental and sector scientific and technical programs on important problems in agriculture, water management, food and processing industries, and other sectors in Ukraine’s agro-industrial complex. In addition it organizes and supervises the fulfillment of these programs, methodically supports the implementation of research and development results sets up the network of scientific institutions, carries out the training of highly qualified specialists, and conducts research and technical cooperation with foreign countries.
The supreme body of self-government of the Academy is the General Assembly. Between meetings of the General Assembly, the Academy is administered by its Presidium, which is elected for a five-year term.
The UAAS structure consists of 8 departments, which was set up on a sector basis. The departments are: Land cultivation; Plant production; Animal breeding; Veterinary medicine; Food and processing industry; Mechanization and electrification; Agrarian economics and land relations; Regional extension service centers.
The Academy’s personnel include 72 academicians, 84 corresponding members, 40 foreign members, and 8 honorary members.
Its networks comprises 56 scientific-research institutes with their branches and experimental stations; the Nikitsky State Botanical Garden; 10 regional and 3 sector state agricultural experimental stations; and the “Askania-Nova” State Biosphere Reserve.
The Academy has an experimental and production base consisting of 154 experimental farms, state elite seed-growing farms, and other enterprises comprising about 679 thousand hectares of land.
The staff of the institutions of the Academy number 124 thousand employees, among which there are 5073 researchers, including about 345 Doctors and 2071 Candidates of Science (Ph.D.)
The main fields of research are:
- biotechnological studies;
- substantiation of optimum structure of agri-landscapes, and development of adjusted land-use systems ensuring fertility restoration and protection of soils;
- crop selection and breeding, crop production techniques and plant protection;
- design of animal production systems on the basis of breeding achievements and new production technologies;
- creating of systems and means for animal protection;
- developing of up-to-date technologies and equipment for food production;
- development of mechanized practices, and machinery and equipment complexes for the production of agricultural commodities;
- economic research in the agri-industrial complex and improvement of land relations in rural areas;
- creation of methodological and organizational fundamentals for extension service in agriculture.
The key sources of financing scientific and research activities are the State budget and revenues from executing science-related works under commercial contracts. Budgetary funds are assigned in accordance with the results of contests of research projects.
The Academy is carrying out studies in 32 sector and 12 governmental research and development programs, trains young scientists in 52 specialties, satisfies 90% of the national elite seed demand and almost 25% of that for pedigree young livestock.
Nearly 70 institutions maintain cooperation with foreign research centres and organizations.