NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF BELARUS

The National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (NASB, or NAS of Belarus) is a higher state scientific organization of The Republic of Belarus, a country in the middle of Europe. NAS of Belarus is reported to the President of the Republic of Belarus, accountable to the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus and carries out organization, realization and coordination of fundamental and applied scientific research and developments in the main directions of natural, engineering, social sciences, the humanities and arts with the purposes of scientific maintenance of economic, social and cultural development of the Republic of Belarus, and also carries out, accordingly to the Law of the Republic of Belarus “On the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus” and its own Statute, some functions of a republican body of state management.

Established on January 1, 1929 under the name of The Belarusian Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus has became the guiding research center of Belarus, which unites the highly-skilled scientists of different specialties and dozens of scientific research organizations. As of 01.01.2006, the staff of the Academy and the subordinated institutions have included some 15,310 researchers, technicians and supporting personnel. There are about 560 Doctors of Sciences (equivalent to Prof.) and 1,975 Candidates of Sciences (equivalent to Ph.D.) among them.

The main scientific-organizational unit of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus is the Department uniting the Academy’s scientific organizations and scientists from one or several branches of science. The Academy Department is responsible for development and coordination of fundamental research in an appropriate areas of science in the Republic of Belarus, for state of research in the Department’s scientific organizations and scientific level of results of their activity, for developing the offers on acceleration of scientific and technological progress, socio-economic and spiritual development of the Republic, for efficiency of international scientific cooperation of the Department’s scientific organizations. In their activity the Academy Departments are accountable to the General Meeting of the Academy and Presidium of the Academy.

Nowadays there are following seven Departments in the organizational structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus:
The Department of Agrarian Sciences
The Department of Biological Sciences
The Department of Chemistry and Earth Sciences
The Department of Humanitarian Sciences and Arts
The Department of Medical Sciences
The Department of Physical-Engineering Sciences
The Department of Physics, Mathematics and Informatics

The supreme body of each Department is the General Meeting of the Department consisting of the Academicians and Corresponding Members belonging to the Department, a number of researchers delegated by scientific institutes, the Directors of the Department’s institutes not being the individual members of the Academy, and the Scientific Secretary of the Department. The General Meeting of the Department has the right of consideration and decision any questions of the Department activity referred to its competence, in particular, to carry out elections of the candidates to the Academicians and Corresponding Members of the Academy; to put forward the candidates to the Honorary and Foreign Members of the Academy; to elect the Directors of scientific organizations which are included in structure of the Department.

In the period between General Meetings, the Department is supervised by a Bureau of the Department, a collective executive body which is elected by General Meeting of the Department. The activity of Academy Department and its Bureau is supervised by the Academician-Secretary, which is selected by General Meeting of the Department by secret voting from amongst the Academicians or Corresponding Members for the term of no more than five years and is affirmed by General Meeting of the Academy. On recommendation of the Academician-Secretary, the Scientific Secretary of the Department is nominated by the Presidium of the Academy for the period of five years from amongst the scientific employees of the Academy having a scientific degree of Doctor or Candidate of Sciences.

The Academy Activities
The National Academy of Sciences of Belarus has the rights of juridical person and carries out its activities accordingly to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus and its own Statute. The main directions of the NASB current activities are:

  • Determination of priority directions, the organization, development and coordination of the fundamental scientific research in the Republic of Belarus;
  • Study and scientific elaboration of actual problems of economic, social, political and state-legal development of the Republic of Belarus, its culture, language, history, nature and environmental conditions;
  • Realization of fundamental research in major directions of natural, engineering, social sciences, humanities and arts with the purpose to increase the scientific and technical, intellectual and spiritual potential of the Republic of Belarus;
  • Discovering the essentially new ways of scientific and technical progress, participation in development of priorities of scientific and technical activities of the Republic of Belarus, realization of applied research in modern science-technological directions, elaboration of the recommendations on use of scientific achievements in practice;
  • Realization of scientific expertise of the major scientific, technical and economic programs, and innovation projects;
  • Organization, development of international scientific and technical cooperation; analysis, generalization and assistance to practical use of world science achievements;
  • Training the highly skilled specialists by means of postdoctoral and postgraduate studies; improvement of professional level of the scientists by training in scientific organizations and leading educational institutions, including those abroad.

 

The Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus:

The Bureau of the NASB Presidium:

The Chairman of the Presidium
Mikhail V. MYASNIKOVICH
Doctor of Economic Sciences

The First Vice Chairman of the Presidium
Professor Pyotr A. VITYAZ
Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Academician

The Vice Chairman of the Presidium
Professor Vladimir G. GUSAKOV
Doctor of Economic Sciences, Academician

The Vice Chairman of the Presidium
Professor Anatolii I. LESNIKOVICH
Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Academician

The Vice Chairman of the Presidium
Professor Vladimir I. TIMOSHPOLSKII
Doctor of Engineering Sciences

The Chief Scientific Secretary
Professor Nikolai S. KAZAK
Doctor of Physical-Mathematical Sciences, Academician


The Advisers of the NASB Presidium:

The Honorary President
Professor Nikolai A. BORISEVICH
Doctor of Physical-Mathematical Sciences, Academician

The Adviser of the Presidium:

Professor Leonid M. SUSHCHENYA
Doctor of Biological Sciences, Academician