13 issue of Science. This is performed by Lawrence Tiley, a molecular virologist at Cambridge University and the lead author of the paper. He identified a gene that will make birds produce a little bit of RNA that acts as a decoy to polymerase, an enzyme that’s essential for viral replication. Chicks born from these embryos were genetically modified or GM so when subjected to the avian flu, they were still infected, getting unwell and dying eventually, but they didn’t spread that virus to additional hens in close proximity, both transgenic birds and regular ones.He previously received an Austrian Marshall Plan Base scholarship and departed to review in Europe several times before the commencement ceremonies. An instant primer on genomics: Within each cell’s nucleus, deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, carries the given information needed to create and sustain most living organisms. Most DNA is made up of a set of twisted strands composed of paired subunits, called nucleotides, that comprise the nucleotide bases or ‘letters’ of the genetic alphabet: adenine , thymine , guanine or cytosine . Just as the order of letters determines this is of a word, the order of the bases determines this is of the info encoded in that area of the DNA. Some sequences or ‘words’, known as exons, are translated into proteins that express the genetic instructions, while other sequences, referred to as introns serve as intervening markers between exons and include various genomic signals.